المكرامي الدرس الثاني والعشرون عقدة Vintage Diamon والشرح بالصور

 فن المكرامي الدرس الثاني والعشرون عقدة

Vintage Diamon

والشرح بالصور








Vintage Diamonds












Description: Vintage Diamonds are the most commonly used decorative knot patterns in Macrame. Most Macrame books will have instructions and projects that use them in one form or another.
You create diagonal rows of Double Half Hitches (DHH), to make both the top and bottom of the diamond.
It's the design in the center that can be changed.   I've shown you 6 of the most common diamond designs on this page.
Make sure you know the difference between holding and working  cords.  See the Dictionary for more details.
























divider








Basic Instructions for Top of Diamonds














When you make all the Vintage Diamonds on this page, you start by creating the top half.  I used a different color for the two holding cords, to make learning easier.  

When practicing, you can fold 5 cords in half, or use 10 individual cords.  

In an actual Macrame project, the cords may be mounted to something or come from other knots.

Secure the cords to a project board with pins. There should be 4 working cords, 2 holding cords, and 4 more working cords. 














Mentally Number
Step 1: Mentally number the cords 1 - 4 on the left of the holding cords, and 5 - 8 on the right.

Cross the 2 holding cords.













DHH with Holding Cords
Step 2: Attach one holding cord to the other with a Double Half Hitch.

Many Macrame patterns will have you start the Vintage Diamonds by crossing only, but I prefer the top to be knotted, even if I have to remove the knots later.









To make one Half Hitch, direct the working cord over and then under the holding cord.  Make sure it passes over the cord you are working with, as you pull it to the side.

Tie a second knot the same way, to make a Double Half Hitch (DHH).








 
Attach Cord 4
Step 3:  Secure the left holding cord diagonally, and make sure it has tension. The angle of the holding cords determine the shape of the Vintage Diamond, so adjust it until you are satisfied with the shape.

Attach working cord 4 to the left holding cord, with a DHH.  Rotate clockwise, so the end is heading towards the right after the knots are tied.












Left Side
Step 4: Attach cords 3 - 1 to the left holding cord with DHH. 

When making rows of DHH, you attach the working cords the same direction as the holding cord.  In this case, the holding cord was moved right to left.  So the cords are attached 4 - 1.









Right Side
Step 5: Direct the other holding cord to the right, and secure it.  Attach cords 5 - 8 to it with DHH, rotating counter-clockwise.

Keep the holding cords secured to your board as you work on the inside of the diamond, which is made with the working cords only.














Design Tip:  The reason the knots are tied in different directions is so the cords are heading towards each other, and are together in the center.

For the bottom half of Vintage Diamonds, the knots are tied in the opposite direction as the top, so the cords are heading away from each other.


















 Macrame Cord Divider







Variations for Inside of Diamond









Below are six variations you can use to decorate the inside of Vintage Diamonds.  They were frequently seen in Macrame of the early 1900's. In more modern patterns, the first design is the most common.

Notice that I secured the right and left edges of the diamond, near cords 1 and 8.  That's to hold the shape and helps you make the side angles sharper.  If you don't do this, your diamonds will have a tendency to have rounded edges.

Another option is to tie tight Overhand knots with the holding cords, so they rest at the right and left corners.



















divider








Square Knot Technique










Square Knot Technique













Description:  The Square Knot Technique is the most common variation you will find in Macrame patterns. 

Create the top of the diamond first, following the Basic Instructions above.














Start First Half
Step 1:  Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8. 

For the first half of the Square Knot, direct cord 1 to the left.  It should pass over the fillers (2 -7), and under cord 8.










Complete First Half
Step 2:  Direct cord 8 under the fillers, and over cord 1, as you pull it to the left.

Tighten the SK so it lines up with the pins at the right and left edges.









Start Second Half
Step 3:  The 2nd half is tied in reverse direction, since the working cords have switched places.

Direct cord 8 over the fillers and under cord 1.










Complete 2nd Half
Step 4:  Bring cord 1 under the fillers and over cord 8 on the right.









Left Holding Cord
Step 5:  Direct the left holding cord towards the center and secure it (move it left to right). 

Attach cords 1 - 4 to it with DHH

Rotate counter-clockwise, so the cords head left.














Left Holding Cord
Step 6:  Direct the right holding cord to the center.

Attach cords 8 - 5 to it with DHH (in that order), rotating clockwise, so the cords head right.














Connect Holding Cords
Step 7: Complete the Vintage Diamond by tying one holding cord onto the other with a DHH.

In some Macrame projects, you will be asked to skip this step and only cross the cords, before moving on to the next knot.
























Macrame Cord Divider








Folded Technique









Folded Technique 











Description: For the Folded Technique, the working cords are attached to the holding cord (at the bottom) in reverse order.

So a space is formed in the center, surrounded by folded cords. The design actually looks a little like a window with a curtain.













Left Holding Cord
Step 1: Create the top of the diamond as described in the Basic Instructions.

Direct the left holding cord towards the center (right).  Secure it so it's taut.










Attach Cord 1 First
Step 2:  Direct cord 4 across the other three cords. Attach it to the left holding cord.  (counter-clockwise).
 

Next, attach cords 3, 2 and 1 in the same manner.










Design Tip: When tying diagonal rows of DHH, you usually start with the working cord closest to the holding cord.  But in this design, you attach them in reverse.







 
Start With Cord 5
Step 3: Direct the right holding cord to the center, and secure it. 

Attach cords 5 - 8 to it with DHH, rotating clockwise.








 
DHH with Holding Cord
Step 4: The final step for most Vintage Diamonds is to close the bottom. 

You do this by attaching one holding cord to the other with a DHH.






















Macrame Cord Divider








Alternating Square Knot Technique










Alternating SK Technique













Description:  This is another common technique for filling the center of Vintage Diamonds. 

You tie four Alternating Square knots rather than one single SK.














Step 1:  Create the top of the diamond as in the Basic Instructions.  Make sure you keep the holding cords secured to you board. 

Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8.














One Square Knot
Tie the first Square Knot with cords 3 and 6. The fillers are 4 and 5. Tighten it so it rests near the top of the diamond. 

This image shows only the first half of the SK, which is why working cords 3 and 6 are out of order.










Two Square Knots
Step 2: For the next row, tie a SK with cords 1 - 4.  The working cords are 1 and 4.  The fillers are 2 and 3.

Tie another SK using cords 5 - 8.  The working cords are 5 and 8.  The fillers are 6 and 7.










One Square Knot
Step 3: The next row is just like the first.  Tie one SK with cords 3 and 6.  The fillers are cords 4 and 5.

Start the bottom of the Vintage Diamond by directing the holding cords to the center. (see next image)





 
Bottom
Step 4:  On the left, attach cords 1 - 4, rotating in a counter-clockwise direction. 

On the right, attach cords 8 - 5 (clockwise).

To close the bottom, attach one holding cord to the other.






















Macrame Cord Divider







Larks Head Technique









 Larks Head Technique












Description:  Here's another technique you can use for the inside of Vintage Diamonds.  You tie two Vertical Larks Head knots, after you make the top half of the diamond following the Basic Instructions.













First Half of knot
Step 1: Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8.  For the Larks Head knot on the left, use working cord 4.

Bring it over the front of cords 1 - 3, and under the back (clockwise).

Bring it towards the right, and pass over cord 4, to complete the first half of the Larks Head knot.













Second Half of Knot
Step 2: Direct cord 4 under cords 1 - 3, and then over them in the front.  As you bring the end to the right, pass under cord 4.

Steps 1 and 2 = One Larks Head knot.

Repeat steps 1 and 2 on the right, using cord 5 to tie the knot around cords 6 - 8.  Rotate counter-clockwise.










Complete the Bottom
Step 3: Direct the holding cords to the center and secure them so they are taut. Attach cords 1 - 4 to the left holding cord (counter-clockwise). 

Attach cords 8 - 5 to the right holding cord (clockwise).




















Macrame Cord Divider








Weaving Technique









 Weaving Technique












Description: The center of Vintage Diamonds can be decorated with a simple weaving pattern. I found this design in a Macrame book written in 1905.











Step 1: Make the top of the diamond first, following the Basic Instructions.











Mentally Number
Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8. 

Direct the left holding cord towards the center, and secure it so it's taut.














Attach Cords 5 - 8
Step 2: Move cords 1 - 4 out of the way for now. 

Attach cords 5 - 8 to the left holding cord with DHH, rotating counter-clockwise.

They will cross the center of the diamond, right to left.





 
Weave Cord 4
Step 3: Direct the right working cord to the center and secure it.

Weave cord 4 through the working cords by bringing it over - under - over - under cords 5 - 8.

Pass it under the right holding cord.










 
Weave Cord 3
Step 4: Weave cord 3 in the same manner, only change the under - over sequence (U - O - U - O).

Make sure you place it under the right holding cord after doing the weaving.














Step 5:  Repeat steps 3 and 4, weaving the last two cords (2 and 1).   Make sure the over - under sequence alternates.

Attach cords 4 - 1 to the right holding cord with DHH (clockwise). 

Attach one holding cord to the other to complete the diamond.























 Macrame Cord Divider








Twist Technique










Twist Technique












Description:  Recently I found this unusual method for decorating the inside of Vintage Diamonds.  It was in a Macrame book written in 1899.   The cords are simply wrapped around each other, rather than tying knots.













Wrap Around
Step 1: Start by making the top of the diamond.  Divide the working cords into two groups (1 - 4 and 5 - 8).

Wrap cords 5 - 8 around the other four, keeping all the cords neatly arranged side-by-side.  














Attach Cords
Step 2:  Attach cords 1 - 4 to the left holding cord, rotating counter-clockwise.

Attach cords 5 - 8 to the right holding cord (clockwise).

To finish, attach one holding cord to the other with a DHH.














Macrame Cord Divider



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ماكرامي، مكرامي ،تعلم ، مكرامي ، خياطة ،أشغال يدوية ،فن مكرامي،صندوق ابيض،عروس ،زوج ، حمل ،طبخ ،حلويات ،أشغال يدوية ، للعرائس،قنادر ،خياطة ، ،شرح ،mkrami2014ماكرامي، مكرامي ،تعلم ، مكرامي ، خياطة ،أشغال يدوية ،فن مكرامي ،شرح ،mkrami2014  عمل علبة للاكسسوارات ,طريقة عمل علبه للاكسسوارات انيقه ,طريقة عمل قفص للاكسسوارات جميل وانيق , عمل علبة اكسسوارات غير مكلفه ,عمل قفص للاكسسوارات بالصور,طريقة عمل علبة اكسسوارات بالصور ,شرح طريقة عمل علبه للاكسسوارات بالصور ,اسهل طريقه لعمل علبة اكسسوارات ,طريقة عمل علب الاكسسوارات ,طريقه عمل قفص للاكسسوارات بالصور ,اعمال فنية.اشغال يدوية بالعجائن.عجينة الملح والسيراميك.اعمال فنية.اعمال بالورق،طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش اضغط هنا وأنشر الموضوع على صفحتك، تسريح الشعر ، عروسة ، رمضان 2014، مكرامي 2014 ، lmvhld 2014Klhmvhld 2014Kماكرامي، المركامياعمال فنية.اشغال يدوية بالعجائن.عجينة الملح والسيراميك.اعمال فنية.اعمال بالورق،طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش اضغط هنا وأنشر الموضوع على صفحتك، تسريح الشعر ، عروسة ، رمضان 2014، مكرامي 2014 ، lmvhld 2014Klhmvhld 2014Kماكرامي، المركامي 
 مكرامي, الخامسة, كرية, عقدة, غرزة

المكرامي الدرس الثاني والعشرون عقدة Vintage Diamon والشرح بالصور

 فن المكرامي الدرس الثاني والعشرون عقدة

Vintage Diamon

والشرح بالصور








Vintage Diamonds












Description: Vintage Diamonds are the most commonly used decorative knot patterns in Macrame. Most Macrame books will have instructions and projects that use them in one form or another.
You create diagonal rows of Double Half Hitches (DHH), to make both the top and bottom of the diamond.
It's the design in the center that can be changed.   I've shown you 6 of the most common diamond designs on this page.
Make sure you know the difference between holding and working  cords.  See the Dictionary for more details.
























divider








Basic Instructions for Top of Diamonds














When you make all the Vintage Diamonds on this page, you start by creating the top half.  I used a different color for the two holding cords, to make learning easier.  

When practicing, you can fold 5 cords in half, or use 10 individual cords.  

In an actual Macrame project, the cords may be mounted to something or come from other knots.

Secure the cords to a project board with pins. There should be 4 working cords, 2 holding cords, and 4 more working cords. 














Mentally Number
Step 1: Mentally number the cords 1 - 4 on the left of the holding cords, and 5 - 8 on the right.

Cross the 2 holding cords.













DHH with Holding Cords
Step 2: Attach one holding cord to the other with a Double Half Hitch.

Many Macrame patterns will have you start the Vintage Diamonds by crossing only, but I prefer the top to be knotted, even if I have to remove the knots later.









To make one Half Hitch, direct the working cord over and then under the holding cord.  Make sure it passes over the cord you are working with, as you pull it to the side.

Tie a second knot the same way, to make a Double Half Hitch (DHH).








 
Attach Cord 4
Step 3:  Secure the left holding cord diagonally, and make sure it has tension. The angle of the holding cords determine the shape of the Vintage Diamond, so adjust it until you are satisfied with the shape.

Attach working cord 4 to the left holding cord, with a DHH.  Rotate clockwise, so the end is heading towards the right after the knots are tied.












Left Side
Step 4: Attach cords 3 - 1 to the left holding cord with DHH. 

When making rows of DHH, you attach the working cords the same direction as the holding cord.  In this case, the holding cord was moved right to left.  So the cords are attached 4 - 1.









Right Side
Step 5: Direct the other holding cord to the right, and secure it.  Attach cords 5 - 8 to it with DHH, rotating counter-clockwise.

Keep the holding cords secured to your board as you work on the inside of the diamond, which is made with the working cords only.














Design Tip:  The reason the knots are tied in different directions is so the cords are heading towards each other, and are together in the center.

For the bottom half of Vintage Diamonds, the knots are tied in the opposite direction as the top, so the cords are heading away from each other.


















 Macrame Cord Divider







Variations for Inside of Diamond









Below are six variations you can use to decorate the inside of Vintage Diamonds.  They were frequently seen in Macrame of the early 1900's. In more modern patterns, the first design is the most common.

Notice that I secured the right and left edges of the diamond, near cords 1 and 8.  That's to hold the shape and helps you make the side angles sharper.  If you don't do this, your diamonds will have a tendency to have rounded edges.

Another option is to tie tight Overhand knots with the holding cords, so they rest at the right and left corners.



















divider








Square Knot Technique










Square Knot Technique













Description:  The Square Knot Technique is the most common variation you will find in Macrame patterns. 

Create the top of the diamond first, following the Basic Instructions above.














Start First Half
Step 1:  Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8. 

For the first half of the Square Knot, direct cord 1 to the left.  It should pass over the fillers (2 -7), and under cord 8.










Complete First Half
Step 2:  Direct cord 8 under the fillers, and over cord 1, as you pull it to the left.

Tighten the SK so it lines up with the pins at the right and left edges.









Start Second Half
Step 3:  The 2nd half is tied in reverse direction, since the working cords have switched places.

Direct cord 8 over the fillers and under cord 1.










Complete 2nd Half
Step 4:  Bring cord 1 under the fillers and over cord 8 on the right.









Left Holding Cord
Step 5:  Direct the left holding cord towards the center and secure it (move it left to right). 

Attach cords 1 - 4 to it with DHH

Rotate counter-clockwise, so the cords head left.














Left Holding Cord
Step 6:  Direct the right holding cord to the center.

Attach cords 8 - 5 to it with DHH (in that order), rotating clockwise, so the cords head right.














Connect Holding Cords
Step 7: Complete the Vintage Diamond by tying one holding cord onto the other with a DHH.

In some Macrame projects, you will be asked to skip this step and only cross the cords, before moving on to the next knot.
























Macrame Cord Divider








Folded Technique









Folded Technique 











Description: For the Folded Technique, the working cords are attached to the holding cord (at the bottom) in reverse order.

So a space is formed in the center, surrounded by folded cords. The design actually looks a little like a window with a curtain.













Left Holding Cord
Step 1: Create the top of the diamond as described in the Basic Instructions.

Direct the left holding cord towards the center (right).  Secure it so it's taut.










Attach Cord 1 First
Step 2:  Direct cord 4 across the other three cords. Attach it to the left holding cord.  (counter-clockwise).
 

Next, attach cords 3, 2 and 1 in the same manner.










Design Tip: When tying diagonal rows of DHH, you usually start with the working cord closest to the holding cord.  But in this design, you attach them in reverse.







 
Start With Cord 5
Step 3: Direct the right holding cord to the center, and secure it. 

Attach cords 5 - 8 to it with DHH, rotating clockwise.








 
DHH with Holding Cord
Step 4: The final step for most Vintage Diamonds is to close the bottom. 

You do this by attaching one holding cord to the other with a DHH.






















Macrame Cord Divider








Alternating Square Knot Technique










Alternating SK Technique













Description:  This is another common technique for filling the center of Vintage Diamonds. 

You tie four Alternating Square knots rather than one single SK.














Step 1:  Create the top of the diamond as in the Basic Instructions.  Make sure you keep the holding cords secured to you board. 

Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8.














One Square Knot
Tie the first Square Knot with cords 3 and 6. The fillers are 4 and 5. Tighten it so it rests near the top of the diamond. 

This image shows only the first half of the SK, which is why working cords 3 and 6 are out of order.










Two Square Knots
Step 2: For the next row, tie a SK with cords 1 - 4.  The working cords are 1 and 4.  The fillers are 2 and 3.

Tie another SK using cords 5 - 8.  The working cords are 5 and 8.  The fillers are 6 and 7.










One Square Knot
Step 3: The next row is just like the first.  Tie one SK with cords 3 and 6.  The fillers are cords 4 and 5.

Start the bottom of the Vintage Diamond by directing the holding cords to the center. (see next image)





 
Bottom
Step 4:  On the left, attach cords 1 - 4, rotating in a counter-clockwise direction. 

On the right, attach cords 8 - 5 (clockwise).

To close the bottom, attach one holding cord to the other.






















Macrame Cord Divider







Larks Head Technique









 Larks Head Technique












Description:  Here's another technique you can use for the inside of Vintage Diamonds.  You tie two Vertical Larks Head knots, after you make the top half of the diamond following the Basic Instructions.













First Half of knot
Step 1: Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8.  For the Larks Head knot on the left, use working cord 4.

Bring it over the front of cords 1 - 3, and under the back (clockwise).

Bring it towards the right, and pass over cord 4, to complete the first half of the Larks Head knot.













Second Half of Knot
Step 2: Direct cord 4 under cords 1 - 3, and then over them in the front.  As you bring the end to the right, pass under cord 4.

Steps 1 and 2 = One Larks Head knot.

Repeat steps 1 and 2 on the right, using cord 5 to tie the knot around cords 6 - 8.  Rotate counter-clockwise.










Complete the Bottom
Step 3: Direct the holding cords to the center and secure them so they are taut. Attach cords 1 - 4 to the left holding cord (counter-clockwise). 

Attach cords 8 - 5 to the right holding cord (clockwise).




















Macrame Cord Divider








Weaving Technique









 Weaving Technique












Description: The center of Vintage Diamonds can be decorated with a simple weaving pattern. I found this design in a Macrame book written in 1905.











Step 1: Make the top of the diamond first, following the Basic Instructions.











Mentally Number
Mentally number the working cords 1 - 8. 

Direct the left holding cord towards the center, and secure it so it's taut.














Attach Cords 5 - 8
Step 2: Move cords 1 - 4 out of the way for now. 

Attach cords 5 - 8 to the left holding cord with DHH, rotating counter-clockwise.

They will cross the center of the diamond, right to left.





 
Weave Cord 4
Step 3: Direct the right working cord to the center and secure it.

Weave cord 4 through the working cords by bringing it over - under - over - under cords 5 - 8.

Pass it under the right holding cord.










 
Weave Cord 3
Step 4: Weave cord 3 in the same manner, only change the under - over sequence (U - O - U - O).

Make sure you place it under the right holding cord after doing the weaving.














Step 5:  Repeat steps 3 and 4, weaving the last two cords (2 and 1).   Make sure the over - under sequence alternates.

Attach cords 4 - 1 to the right holding cord with DHH (clockwise). 

Attach one holding cord to the other to complete the diamond.























 Macrame Cord Divider








Twist Technique










Twist Technique












Description:  Recently I found this unusual method for decorating the inside of Vintage Diamonds.  It was in a Macrame book written in 1899.   The cords are simply wrapped around each other, rather than tying knots.













Wrap Around
Step 1: Start by making the top of the diamond.  Divide the working cords into two groups (1 - 4 and 5 - 8).

Wrap cords 5 - 8 around the other four, keeping all the cords neatly arranged side-by-side.  














Attach Cords
Step 2:  Attach cords 1 - 4 to the left holding cord, rotating counter-clockwise.

Attach cords 5 - 8 to the right holding cord (clockwise).

To finish, attach one holding cord to the other with a DHH.














Macrame Cord Divider



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ماكرامي، مكرامي ،تعلم ، مكرامي ، خياطة ،أشغال يدوية ،فن مكرامي،صندوق ابيض،عروس ،زوج ، حمل ،طبخ ،حلويات ،أشغال يدوية ، للعرائس،قنادر ،خياطة ، ،شرح ،mkrami2014ماكرامي، مكرامي ،تعلم ، مكرامي ، خياطة ،أشغال يدوية ،فن مكرامي ،شرح ،mkrami2014  عمل علبة للاكسسوارات ,طريقة عمل علبه للاكسسوارات انيقه ,طريقة عمل قفص للاكسسوارات جميل وانيق , عمل علبة اكسسوارات غير مكلفه ,عمل قفص للاكسسوارات بالصور,طريقة عمل علبة اكسسوارات بالصور ,شرح طريقة عمل علبه للاكسسوارات بالصور ,اسهل طريقه لعمل علبة اكسسوارات ,طريقة عمل علب الاكسسوارات ,طريقه عمل قفص للاكسسوارات بالصور ,اعمال فنية.اشغال يدوية بالعجائن.عجينة الملح والسيراميك.اعمال فنية.اعمال بالورق،طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش اضغط هنا وأنشر الموضوع على صفحتك، تسريح الشعر ، عروسة ، رمضان 2014، مكرامي 2014 ، lmvhld 2014Klhmvhld 2014Kماكرامي، المركامياعمال فنية.اشغال يدوية بالعجائن.عجينة الملح والسيراميك.اعمال فنية.اعمال بالورق،طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش , طريقه عمل خداديه كلها ورد من نفس القماش اضغط هنا وأنشر الموضوع على صفحتك، تسريح الشعر ، عروسة ، رمضان 2014، مكرامي 2014 ، lmvhld 2014Klhmvhld 2014Kماكرامي، المركامي 
 مكرامي, الخامسة, كرية, عقدة, غرزة